The following shark species have been recorded in local waters. This list omits some global oceanic species such as the Oceanic Whitetip Shark (Carcharhinus longimanus) and the Blue Shark (Prionace glauca) or even the Great White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias) which likely occur offshore from HK and could potentially stray into local waters from time to time. There are also some shark species recorded from other Chinese waters nearby but not from HK, yet, so the list could grow.
Whale Shark (Rhyncodon typus)
Chinese name: 鯨鮫 / Tofu Sa / Tofu Shark (Taiwan), 鯨鯊 / 鲸鲛 / 鲸鲨 / 大憨沙 / 豆腐沙 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
A whale shark was spotted at Sham Wan beach on Lamma in August 2012 causing a short panic among swimmers. Another whale shark was caught by a fisherman in 2008 near Round Island. It was released later that same day but died and ended up in a landfill.
Slender Bamboo Shark (Chiloscyllium indicum)
Chinese name: 印度狗鮫 (Taiwan), 沙条 / 狗沙 / 印度狗鲛 / 印度斑竹鯊 / 印度斑竹鲨 / 長鰭斑竹鯊 / 长鳍斑竹鲨 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
White-spotted Bamboo Shark (Chiloscyllium plagiosum)
Chinese name: 斑竹狗鮫 (Taiwan), 沙条 / 狗沙 / 斑竹狗鲛 / 条纹斑竹鲨 / 條紋斑竹鯊 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
Grey Reef Shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos)
Chinese name: 黑印白眼鮫 (Taiwan), 大沙 / 韋氏真鯊 / 韦氏真鲨 / 黑尾真鯊 / 黑尾真鲨 / 黑印白眼鲛 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
Whitecheek Shark (Carcharhinus dussumieri)
Chinese name: 杜氏白眼鮫 (Taiwan), 沙条 / 杜氏真鯊 / 杜氏真鲨 / 杜氏白眼鲛 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
Silky Shark (Carcharhinus falciformis)
Chinese name: 平滑白眼鮫 (Taiwan), 大沙 / 鐮狀真鯊 / 镰状真鲨 / 黑印真鯊 / 黑印真鲨 / 黑背真鯊 / 黑背真鲨 / 平滑白眼鲛 / 佛罗里达真鲨 / 佛羅里達真鯊 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
Blacktip Shark (Carcharhinus limbatus)
Chinese name: 黑邊鰭白眼鮫 (Taiwan), 黑斑沙 / 黑梢真鯊 / 黑梢真鲨 / 黑边鳍白眼鲛 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
Hardnose Shark (Carcharhinus macloti)
Chinese name: 槍頭鮫 (Taiwan), 大沙 / 枪头鲛 / 麥氏真鯊 / 麦氏真鲨 / 長吻基齒鯊 / 长吻基齿鲨 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
Blacktip Reef Shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus)
Chinese name: 污翅白眼鮫 (Taiwan), 大沙 / 乌翅真鲨 / 烏翅真鯊 / 污翅白眼鲛 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
Spot-tail Shark (Carcharhinus sorrah)
Chinese name: 沙拉白眼鮫 (Taiwan), 沙条 / 沙拉真鯊 / 色拉真鲨 / 色拉白眼鲛 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
Tiger Shark (Galeocerdo cuvier)
Chinese name: 鼬鮫 (Taiwan), 虎沙 / 鼬鯊 / 鼬鲛 / 鼬鲨 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
According to the HK Standard ‘the last sighting was on June 16, 2007, when four tiger sharks – one four meters long – were spotted by divers in Sai Kung waters near Pak Sha Wan.” – unfortunately this rather unbelievable ‘big fish’ tale is not corroborated by any other news outlet, government department, scientific establishment or conservation group – but its repeated lots on the internet…
This aside, tiger sharks do occur in HK waters and were most likely responsible for at least one fatal attack in the 1995 in Sai Kung.
Grey Sharpnose Shark (Rhizoprionodon oligolinx)
Chinese name: 寡線斜鋸牙鯊 / 寡线斜锯牙鲨 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese name ?
Milk Shark (Rhizoprionodon acutus)
Chinese name: Tsim tau sha (Cantonese), 尖头 / 沙条 / 尖头沙 / 尖头曲齿鲛 / 瓦氏斜齒鯊 / 瓦氏斜齿鲨 / 短鰭斜齒鯊 / 短鳍斜齿鲨 / 尖吻斜鋸牙鯊 / 尖吻斜锯牙鲨 (Simplified Chinese)
Spadenose Shark (Scoliodon laticaudus)
Chinese name: 沙仔 / 尖头沙 / 宽尾斜齿鲨 / 宽尾曲齿鲛 / 密勒胞齒鯊 / 密勒胞齿鲨 / 寬尾斜齒鯊 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese name ?
A dead spadenose shark was recently found at a Lamma Island beach in August 2014 causing a minor media stir.
Great Hammerhead (Sphyrna mokarran)
Chinese name: 双过仔 / 双髻鲨 / 牦头沙 / 八鳍丫髻鲛 / 无沟双髻鲨 / 無溝雙髻鯊 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese name ?
Smooth Hammerhead (Sphyrna zygaena)
Chinese name: Tai tse sha (Cantonese), 丫髻鲛 / 双过仔 / 双髻鲨 / 牦头沙 / 锤头双髻鲨 / 錘頭雙髻鯊 (Simplified Chinese)
Scalloped Hammerhead (Sphyrna lewini)
Chinese name: 紅肉丫髻鮫 (Taiwan), 双过仔 / 双髻鲨 / 牦头沙 / 红肉双髻 / 红肉丫髻鲛 / 路氏双髻鲨 / 路氏雙髻鯊 (Simplified Chinese), Cantonese ?
Spotless Smooth-hound (Mustelus griseus)
Chinese name: 灰貂鮫 (Taiwan), 沙条 / 灰星鯊 / 灰星鲨 / 灰貂鲛 /前鰭星鯊 / 前鳍星鲨 (Simplified Chinese), Huī pí shā / Huī shā / Huī xīng shā (Pinyin), Cantonese ?
Smooth dogfish (Mustelus canis)
Chinese name: 美星鯊, 美星鲨, 美星鲨(Simplified Chinese)
Japanese Wobbegong (Orectolobus japonicus)?